Refresher on Core Liturgical Documents
Sacrosanctum Concilium- core document of reform - Vatican II - full active and conscious participation is the "aim to be considered before all else." (14)
Mirae Caritatis ( May 28,1902 - Pope Leo XIII) - Eucharist as sacrifice of the Mass, bond of charity, mystery of faith and source of life. Encourages more frequent reception of Communion.
Tra le sollecitudini,1903, Pius X
* the faithful assemble to draw that spirit from its primary and indispensable source, that is, from active participation in the sacred mysteries and in the public
and solemn prayer of the Church
Divini cultus,1928, Pius XI
* Restoration of Gregorian chant for people so "the faithful may particrpate in divine worship more actively."
Mediator Dei (November 20,1947- Pope Pius XII) - suggests new directions and active participation instead of a passive role of the faithful. Return in spirit to the sources of the sacred liturgy - encouraging scholarly research.
De musica sacra,1958, Congregation of the Rites
* Nature of Mass requires all present participate as proper to each.
* must primarily be interior (i.e., union with Christ the Priest; offering with and through Him).
* becomes fuller (plenior) if internal joined to external (genuflecting, standing, siuing), ceremonial gestures, or, in particular, the responses, prayers and
* principal example (participatio actuosa) found in celebrating priest and ministers who, with due interior devotion & exact observance of rubrics &
ceremonies, minister at the altar.
* Perfect participatio actuosa of the faithfiil, obtained when added to sacramental participation (by communion).
* Deliberate participatio actuosa of the faithful is not possible without adequate instruction.
Mysterium Fidei (September 13, 1965- Pope Paul VI) - emphasis on Real Presence, Eucharist is central to the church. Explores the mystery of Eucharist.
Ecclesia de Eucharistia (April 17, 2003 - Pope John Paul II) - rekindles Eucharistic amazement - Church draws her life from the Eucharist, the church's most precious possession.
Dies Dominf (May 31, 1998 - Pope John Paul II) - rediscover meaning of the Lord's Day.
Sacramentum Caritatis (2007, Pope Benedict XVI) - Offers three different perspectives on the Church's understanding of Eucharist: to be believed, to be celebrated, to be lived in the world.
Websites for getting the full documents cited above: